The Post Pandemic Glocal Democracy;
Impact, Challenges, and Opportunities

May 17

Session Title 1.4. Challenges for Transitional Justice and Democracy in Asia
Key Organizer Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR)
Date / Time  17 May 2021 / 14:00-15:00KST (GMT+9)
Modality / Language Virtual / English
Objectives
  • Review the transitional justice initiatives launched as part of processes for democracy in Asia
  • Learn about various transitional justice mechanisms adapted to the challenges of accountability in Asia
  • Identify key opportunities for accountability in Asia
Main Topics & Issues to be addressed  Transitional justice
Impunity
Truth, justice and democracy
Background At the start of 2021, the military of Myanmar launched a coup d’état against the country’s civilian government. This triggered large-scale protests and a subsequent crackdown. Amidst censorship, threats and internet shutdowns, civil society have continued to respond to the crisis through a non-violent civil disobedience movement which has spread to cities across Myanmar. In the Philippines, the number of human rights violations linked to President Duterte’s ‘war on drugs’ has continued to grow. On top of this, the Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission has faced many challenges in implementing the recommendations they made in 2016. In Indonesia, the Aceh Truth and Reconciliation Commission will complete its first 5 years of work this year marking some progress in achieving truth and justice for victims of the conflict in Aceh.

Despite some progress, various transitional justice initiatives launched as part of movements for democracy in Asia continue to face many challenges. In recent years, growing struggles between authoritarian forces and people attempting to stand up for human rights and democracy have also broken out. Mass crimes accompanied by impunity, together with failing accountability mechanisms, remain key features of many states in Asia. These factors contribute to ongoing instability, a lack of the rule of law and perpetual cycles of violence. Meanwhile, those implicated in mass human rights violations often actively promote authoritarianism, cloaking their strategies as promoting ‘Asian values’.  All the while, regional mechanisms in Asia remain weak and the many victims of mass violations are still far from achieving truth and justice.
Speakers
  • Speakers
    • Afridal Darmi (Chair of Aceh Truth and Reconciliation, Indonesia)
    • Cecilia Jimenez (Former of Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Philipines)
    • Han Gyi (Coordinator of ND Burma, Myanmar)
    • Galuh Wandita (Director of AJAR)
  • Moderator: Pornpern Khongkachonkiet (Director of Cross Cultural Foundation, Thailand)
  • Rapporteur: Anindya Amanda (Program Officer of AJAR)


Pornpern Khongkachonkiet
Role in the Session Moderator
Position and Organizational Affiliation Director of Cross Cultural Foundation
Nationality Thailand
Anindya Amanda
Role in the Session Rapporteur
Position and Organizational Affiliation Program Officer of AJAR
Nationality Indonesia
Afridal Darmi
Role in the Session Speaker
Position and Organizational Affiliation Chair of Aceh Truth and Reconciliation
Nationality Indonesia
Cecilia Jimenez
Role in the Session Speaker
Position and Organizational Affiliation Former Commissioner,
Transitional Justice
and Reconciliation Commission
Nationality Philippine
Han Gyi
Role in the Session Speaker
Position and Organizational Affiliation Coordinator of ND Burma
Nationality Myanmar
Galuh Wandita
Role in the Session Speaker
Position and Organizational Affiliation Director of AJAR
Nationality

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